LEARNING ON GENDER & CONFLICT IN AFRICA

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Home > Where We Work & What We Do > Greater Great Lakes Region (CAR, RoC, DRC, Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi)

 

Greater Great Lakes Region
(CAR, RoC, DRC, Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi)

Coordination with regional entities

International Conference on the Great Lakes Region

A pact aiming to transform the Great Lakes Region from a zone of conflict and instability into a space of peace and development was signed on December 15, 2006 by the heads of states and government of the region. The pact binds 11 countries namely Angola, Burundi, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia and came officially into force on June 21, 2008. The conference secretariat is a technical arm and coordinating body to facilitate and monitor the implementation of the projects and protocols under the pact.

Protocol on the prevention and suppression of sexual violence against women and children


Entrenched within the pact are 10 binding regional protocols with obligations to be implement by member states under the pact, including the domestication of the protocols. In response to the concern expressed by member states of the humanitarian and social consequences of crises and armed conflict – particularly the magnitude of sexual violence – one such protocol specifically addresses SGBV – ‘Prevention and suppression of sexual violence against women and children (SGBV protocol)’. This protocol is one of the few regional and internationally legally binding instruments to combat sexual violence by protecting survivors as well as prosecuting perpetrators. It also provides a legal basis for the surrender of fugitives and for persons accused of sexual violence.

LOGiCA and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR)’s conference secretariat are collaborating on programmatic design and planning, providing technical assistance to enhance knowledge generation and good practice on sexual and gender-based violence in the greater Great Lakes Region. Specifically, supporting the following in line with the Decisions within the  Declaration of the Heads of State and Government Member State of the ICGLR at the Fourth Ordinary Summit and Special Session on Sexual and Gender Based Violence in Kampala, Uganda 2011:

  • Development of a Feasibility Study for the establishment of an SGBV Regional Training Facility and technical assistance for its operationalization.
  • Technical assistance for the development of an SGBV Regional Communications Strategy
  • Development of a Regional Media Message engaging men and boys to prevent SGBV in line with the Regional Communications Strategy. Read More

Click here to read more about ICGLR [www.icglr.org]

 

LRA - Conflicted Affected Countries
(CAR, DRC, South Sudan and Uganda)

Initiative to support women as peace-builders on the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) conflict:

LOGiCA has been working together with conciliation resources, an International Non-Governmental Organization INGO, to promote women as peace-builders, and provide a channel for women's voices on the LRA conflict. With support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (through their embassy in Kampala), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), the Department for International Development (DfID) and the Belgian government, conciliation resources is working with grassroots organizations and influential community figures to enable their knowledge and perspectives to be better articulated to policy-makers and practionners with the aim of promoting cross-border conflict transformation. LOGiCA supported conciliation resources to address an emerging gap in this work in terms of the limited channels of communication amongst women in LRA-affected areas and the resulting under-representation of women's perspectives and experiences in local, national and international responses to the conflict. A 'women-only workshop' was conducted in Southern Sudan to complement a similar workshop supported by the Embassy of Norway in Central African Republic (CAR) late December 2010, with outcomes following in January. The objective of the workshop was to support women as peace-builders and provide a channel for women's voices on the LRA conflict to be articulated and presented to key stakeholders. Over the three days, women explored the impact of the LRA conflict of their lives, the challenges they face in coping with the conflict and considered possible mechanisms to foster coordination, communication and synergy across the different women's groups and organizations within the region.

Key recommendations from the workshop included the need for: enhanced educational support for women to increase their capacity as peace-builders; strengthening the capacity of community institutions; actively consulting with and supporting the participation of women in peace initiatives; enhanced initiatives focused on physical protection; and increased public information dissemination on women's rights. The workshop participants proposed specific approaches for each recommendation and work is ongoing to ascertain the nature of follow-on support.

 

Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda

Gender sensitive programming in D&R operations
Burundi/Rwanda/Uganda

Study on the families of ex-combatants examining: the impact of departure, absence and return of ex-combatants on their families; and the role of the family
in the reintegration of ex-combatants.

There is currently very limited understanding of the bridging function that the family plays in reintegration of the ex-combatant from their current status to being a family member to becoming citizen. Little is known about how the family mobilizes to share resources (food, accommodation, household items, etc.) when the ex-combatant returns. Likewise, information on how the ex-combatant shares their reinsertion grants is limited to expenditure items, and nothing is known of what expectations are and how decision making processes to distribute this wealth are made.

There is scant data on how economic productive resources (land, livestock, income generating activities, resources or opportunities – agricultural, trade, services or manufacturing/production) might be re-allocated. Indeed, there is no evidence to suggest whether the family pro-actively or otherwise enhances the reintegration process and it could be that individual family members might play positive or negative roles. Little is known of any negative effects to the family as a whole of an ex-combatant returning – social and political pressure that might range from mild avoidance by others to outright antagonism. In addition, during the absence of the combatant, other family members – and very often the spouse – take up roles and responsibilities that were attributed to the combatant before he/she left the household. Undertaking these new roles and responsibilities often can lead to empowerment of especially women. Little is known on how these changes of roles and responsibilities are impacted upon the return home of the combatant. The objective of the study is to understand the role and involvement of the family of ex-combatants during their social and economic reintegration back into their communities, as well as the impact on the family. 

Specifically, the study seeks to determine:

  • Pre-reinsertion: family dynamics during the immediate pre-reintegration period, that is after the family has been notified that the ex-combatant is returning and the process that different generic categories of family members (parents, spouse, children, siblings, etc.) have to go through whilst preparing for the return of the ex-combatant;
  • Reinsertion: the various dynamics as they impact on different family members during the ex-combatants reinsertion and immediate post-reinsertion period;
  • Social Reintegration: the role that family (different members) plays in facilitating (or hindering) the social reintegration of the ex-combatant;
  • Economic Reintegration: the role that family (different members) plays in facilitating (or hindering) the economic reintegration of the ex-combatant;
  • Family of Ex-combatants: whether the dynamics and roles played by different family members differ if the ex-combatant is accompanied by a family; and
  • Impact on the Family: The social and economic impact of the return of the ex-combatant especially on spouses who might have taken on additional roles and responsibilities during the absence of the combatant from the family.

Burundi, DRC, South Sudan

Developing operational knowledge on engaging men in programs addressing Sexual and Gender-based Violence (SGBV) in post-conflict countries in Sub-Saharan Africa - Burundi, DRC, South Sudan

Objectives:

To increase operational knowledge on the effective engagement of men and boys in SGBV post-conflict programming in Sub-Saharan Africa through the development of related training manuals and capacity building activities.

Background:

While the nature and patterns of SGBV in the recent and ongoing conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa have been widely documented, and a wide variety of programs are assisting survivors, limited attention is given to the multiple roles that men and boys play in SGBV both during and after conflict. Including men and boys in programs addressing SGBV is particularly important with regard to prevention. Specifically, program interventions must acknowledge men and boy’s multiple roles: as perpetrators, as family members of survivors of SGBV, as witnesses to SGBV, as survivors, as service providers (e.g. health workers, police, peace-keepers and other workers in demobilization initiatives), as decision-makers and policymakers, and as change agents. Furthermore, program evidence has shown that men can both adopt equitable attitudes and behaviors and denounce violence.  Thus a comprehensive response to sexual violence in conflicted-affected countries should integrate effective strategies that strategically engage men and boys in prevention and mitigation and that include deliberate discussions and community messages related to questioning violent, militarized and inequitable norms about what it means to be a man.  

Project Details: 

LOGiCA is partnering with Promundo to implement the following key activities under this initiative: (i) the development and piloting of training manuals on engaging men in SGBV prevention - linked to planned or existing SGBV programming in post-conflict contexts, (ii) provision of related interventions and capacity building activities to develop the leadership and technical knowledge of men working as change agents to reduce and mitigate violence, including SGBV; and (iii) impact evaluations of those interventions. Target countries for these activities include the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and South Sudan.
The technical approach in Burundi, DRC and South Sudan will focus on working with country-level partners who have extensive experience in SGBV mitigation efforts, and whose efforts can be enhanced by a strategic targeting of or enhanced, systematized efforts to engage men as partners in the process.  Partners include: CARE-Burundi, Women for Women International (DRC) and IRC (DRC), and ARC (South Sudan). Thus the initiative seeks to enhance existing SGBV efforts within organizations that are poised to sustain work with men and boys as allies in SGBV prevention e project period is over.   In addition, the experiences and the training manuals will contribute to programming in the Burundi and DRC, as well as in other post-conflict countries in the region. Activities will not include a LOGiCA-supported pilot in South Sudan; however, Promundo will collaborate with local partners, and key stakeholders to carry out two training workshops and provide on-site and off-site technical assistance process to enhance existing efforts to work with men and boys in SGBV prevention and mitigation. 

Components are as follows:

  1. Development of a Feasibility Study for the establishment of an SGBV Regional Training Facility and technical assistance for its operationalization.
  2. Technical assistance for the development of an SGBV Regional Communications Strategy
  3. Development of a Regional Media Message engaging men and boys to prevent SGBV in line with the Regional Communications Strategy

Click here to read more about ICGLR www.icglr.org

 

 

 

 

 

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